Contact Author Living with a disfigured face can be so traumatic that many people who are disfigured find themselves driven to suicide or simply become reclusive. It is not pure vanity that leads people to deep depression when trying to cope with disfigurement. It is also a level of loss of identity. We live with our thoughts all our lives and are content with our relationship with our inner voice, but our appearance is part of our identity.
Facial discrimination: Living with a disfigured face - CNN
Lon Chaney 's version of " Erik " in the film The Phantom of the Opera had pervasive facial disfigurements, including jagged teeth and sunken-in eyes. In most every adaptation literary, stage, film, or otherwise of The Phantom of the Opera , the title character known as " Erik " or " The Phantom " wears either a full or half-face mask to conceal a disfigurement. Some adaptations infer that his disfigurement was present from birth, such as in the Andrew Lloyd Webber musical , whereas others infer or show it to be the result of a horrible accident such as burning from fire or chemicals. The Phantom's disfigured face is usually described as having caused him anguish and despair, thus influencing him to adopt the enigmatic "phantom" persona. A common origin of his skin and hair colors revolve around chemical burns as the result of the Joker character either falling into, jumping into, or being thrown into a vat of noxious chemicals. In Tim Burton 's film adaptation of Batman , the Joker character, in this version a criminal originally known as "Jack Napier", receives his distinct "grin" as the result of a botched plastic surgery that he received after a ricocheted bullet that Napier intended to harm Batman badly injured the Joker's face. In most media, the Joker's mania and insanity begin as a result of him seeing his own disfigurement, the film being an example.
Disfigured Faces, Facial Surgeries, and Starting Over
Face transplant patient reflects on life Perhaps the most surprising thing about the history of plastic surgery is how old it is. The use of the term 'plastic' to describe a type of medical operation was popularized in German surgical texts in the s, long predating its 20th-century use for the synthetic material.
Extensive burns and injuries had left the young woman, whose identity has not been made public, unable to smile, speak or see properly. She underwent more than 10 procedures, which used stem cells from her skin to grow a new face, including a nose and a mouth. Now, she is able to smile and bat her eyelashes more naturally. The same surgery has been performed on more than 60 patients. They included seven who needed major facial changes or a full face replacement, of which six were successful while the seventh died.